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    A Toronto woman made a brief appearance in court Friday following the death of a child who was left for hours in a hot car Thursday.

    Zeljna Kosovac, 50, is charged with criminal negligence causing death.

    The four-year-old boy died after he was left in a red Hyundai parked near Burnhamthorpe and Mills Rds. for about four hours on a day with a high of 26 C.


    Child dies after being left in car in extreme heat in Etobicoke

    Toronto police said Kosovac was a caregiver for the child.

    Dressed in a grey T-shirt, her dark hair freely falling on her shoulders, Kosovac kept her gaze straight ahead during the midday hearing at the College Park courthouse.

    Kosovac was granted bail and left the court flanked by officers, putting on dark sunglasses but not speaking as she left the building.

    Two men accompanying Kosovac also maintained silence through the bustling exit, hailing a cab outside amid cameras of waiting journalists.

    Residents of a nearby apartment building told the Star that the boy was found unconscious around 1 p.m. by a superintendent, who smashed in one of the car’s windows to rescue him.

    Paramedics rushed the boy to the hospital in critical condition, but he later died.

    A makeshift vigil has been set up for the boy by the parking lot where he was located.

    General contractor Roger Reynolds and his co-worker Lisa Taschuk stopped by the vigil.

    All day yesterday they were working in the adjacent building and passed by the parking lot where the car was parked several times — on their way to get coffee and lunch. They didn’t notice anything was amiss until the emergency crews arrived.

    “We knew something wasn’t right, with the brigade of emergency vehicles coming down the road,” Taschuk said. “You just don’t expect something like this to happen, but every year it seems to happen.”

    “The baby seat was sitting right here,” Reynolds said, gesturing to the sidewalk, steps away from the vigil. “When I got home, I hugged my four-year-old and just kept hugging. I didn’t sleep last night.

    “I keep asking myself, could I do something like that?”

    With files from Star staff

    Caregiver gets bail in hot-car death of boy, 4Caregiver gets bail in hot-car death of boy, 4Caregiver gets bail in hot-car death of boy, 4Caregiver gets bail in hot-car death of boy, 4Caregiver gets bail in hot-car death of boy, 4Caregiver gets bail in hot-car death of boy, 4

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  • 09/22/17--19:34: Article 1

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    National Indigenous leaders say it isn’t good enough to just take Conservative Sen. Lynn Beyak off of Senate committees — she needs to be removed from office.

    Two northern Ontario First Nations grand chiefs who represent more than 70 Indigenous communities first asked for Beyak’s resignation in March after she made comments defending the residential school system in Canada that saw more than 150,000 Indigenous kids taken from their homes and culture and placed into church run, government funded schools. Beyak said that an “abundance of good” had come from the schools and “mistakes” should not “overshadow” the “good things” that happened.

    The schools represent a dark chapter in Canada’s recent past. The schools ran from the mid-1800s to the 1990s. Many of the students suffered various forms of neglect and abuse and generations have suffered trauma as a result.

    Beyak was a member of the Senate’s Standing Committee on Aboriginal Peoples at the time she made the comments in March. Afterwards, former Conservative interim leader Rona Ambrose removed her from that committee.

    Earlier this month, Beyak posted on her website that First Nations people should become Canadian citizens and trade in their status cards and further to that — they should promote their culture “on their own dime, on their own time,” according to the CBC. That open letter has since been removed. (Status Indians are Canadian citizens.)

    Grand Council Treaty #3 Ogichidaa Francis Kavanaugh said it is unacceptable Beyak, who hails from the Dryden area, sits in the Senate and represents his territory when she has such abhorrent views.

    “As a senator who has resided within the Treaty #3 territory, I am gravely concerned about your lack of understanding. You continue to speak about something you clearly know nothing about,” Kavanaugh said in an open statement.

    There were 17 Indian residential schools in Ontario. The Dryden, Kenora, Fort Frances area was surrounded by nine schools.

    Kavanaugh said Treaty #3 leaders will “continue to monitor” Beyak’s work and “will make concentrated efforts” to ensure that she does not do any further harm by perpetuating “ignorance and racism towards Indigenous peoples,” he said. Grand Council Treaty #3 territory comprises 28 communities and it runs from west of Thunder Bay to north of Sioux Lookout, along the U.S. border, to the province of Manitoba.

    Earlier this week, Beyak was removed from all Senate committees; however, she is still a member of the Conservative caucus. Beyak, who was appointed by former prime minister Stephen Harper in January 2013, could not be reached for comment.

    In this era of reconciliation, there is no place for outdated thinking like Beyak’s in the Senate, said Assembly of First Nations National Chief Perry Bellegarde in a statement released this week. Last March, Bellegarde reached out to Beyak. He wrote her a letter opposing her remarks, and he sent her a book on residential schools by John Milloy entitled, “A National Crime.” Beyak never responded.

    Also this week, Carolyn Bennett, the minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, called Beyak’s continued comments regarding Indigenous people “ill-informed, hurtful, and simply wrong.”

    NAN Grand Chief Alvin Fiddler, who represents 49 communities in northern Ontario, said they have “renewed” their call for her to resign and for the Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer to remove her from caucus. “We feel she should not be given any type of platform to espouse her racist views,” Fiddler said.

    “The other thing that is bothersome is that the survivors themselves reached out to her. They met with her in July in Sioux Lookout. And for her to turn around and say these racist views after spending time with survivors is shameful,” he added. Sioux Lookout has a truth and reconciliation committee and they met with the senator in July.

    Survivors left that meeting thinking she was going to re-examine her attitudes and have no more distorted views, said Kavanaugh. “Then she comes up with these recent comments. She hasn’t learned a thing,” he said.

    Indigenous leaders again call for Conservative senator to resign for ‘racist’ remarksIndigenous leaders again call for Conservative senator to resign for ‘racist’ remarks

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    It was just another day on Toronto streets until Nigel Fernandes felt a wave of hot coffee sting his face.

    “I was just shocked, and glad I was wearing my sunglasses,” says the parking enforcement officer, later treated for burns on his cheeks.

    Writing down the plate of the fleeing car, he realized he had just ticketed it several blocks away. The 30-ish looking driver, who had yelled at him from inside the car, had found him and crouched waiting, coffee in hand.

    “I’ve had my foot run over, things have been thrown at me; it’s not a job for the faint-hearted,” says Fernandes, 40, who, for a decade, has affixed yellow tickets to illegally parked vehicles in the city’s west end.

    Nobody smiles while getting dinged. Toronto’s 325 frontline parking officers have seen, heard and sometimes felt it all.

    Each month since the start of 2015, an average of more than five Toronto parking officers have suffered physical attack or significant verbal threat, according to incident reports reviewed by the Star.

    Motorists, furious at fines often $30 or $60, routinely chase or drive at officers; run over their feet; threaten to kill them; spit in their faces; strike them with bumpers or side mirrors as the motorists try to drive away; reverse into them; shove, punch, slap and grab them, and throw water bottles, cigarettes, and, in one case, a “hard cookie.”

    A man headbutted a female parking officer in the nose.

    Two officers suffered headaches after handheld lasers were shone in their eyes.

    Fernandes is not alone in getting a hot coffee bath.

    Parking ticket rage, completely out of proportion to relatively minor fines, and triggering the risk of arrest and far worse punishment, is a mystery even to the man who heads Toronto police’s parking enforcement unit, 18-year veteran Brian Moniz.

    “I’ve had police officers who sometimes issue parking tickets, tell me that that makes people much angrier than when they ticket them for moving offences,” such as speeding, with bigger fines and even demerit points, Moniz says. “I honestly don’t understand it.

    “I just don’t know why that is.”

    Confrontation has always been a hazard of parking enforcement, but the severity of it is escalating, Moniz adds.

    In response his office is publicizing attacks and arrests, to let motorists know they are taken seriously. Next month, it will start new training for all parking officers on how to deal with irate drivers. They are peace officers but carry no weapons, so the focus is on defusing potentially dangerous situations.

    Parking enforcement officer Kyle Ashley, well known for his work ticketing bike-lane invaders, has had to call police three times for ticket-related attacks in less than four years on the job.

    The first time, just three months after he started the job, was at the hands of a midwife who came running out of a Starbucks in the Beach as he wrote a ticket.

    “She pushed me into a live lane of traffic and then got in her car, started it, and, with no care for me being there, drove forward,” Ashley says. “She decided she was going to drive through, so she drove over both my feet and stopped with her car on one foot.”

    Java in hand, she told him she was late delivering a baby and drove off.

    While she was being charged with offences including assaulting a peace officer, she said to Ashley: “You guys should understand, coffee is like gold in our business,” referring to midwives’ marathon work days.

    On a separate occasion, also in the Beach, a father and son ran out of a Tim Hortons, jumped into a car and drove straight into Ashley. “I was holding onto the hood of his car for about two blocks.” They were, to Ashley’s knowledge, never caught.

    “It’s a sense of entitlement: ‘I can stop at Starbucks. I can stop to pick people up, and it doesn’t matter what you say,’ ” Ashley says of the reason for such aggression. “There has been a basic disrespect for the position, a culture of the way people view parking enforcement.”

    A reason the confrontations are getting worse, officers say, is the end of the days when parking wardens would often knock on the window of an occupied car and simply tell the driver to move on.

    Mayor John Tory’s continuing traffic blitz is part of the reason, coupled with a new appeal system in which tickets can be mailed to motorists even if they drive away.

    Ashley has never been called to testify against an abusive driver and is dismayed none of those who have attacked him have received a criminal record.

    First-time offenders often escape with a peace bond: a promise to behave. Some are forced to write an apology. A man who used his fist to shove a ticket into Ashley’s vest, and was on probation for another assault, got 10 hours’ community service.

    “It makes me feel like my work as a civil servant is not valued,” Ashley says. “People should respect the laws and the authority, rather than the authority fearing the people.”

    Emilie Smith, a spokesperson for the Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, said in an email that Crown counsel who prosecute, and sometimes withdraw, Criminal Code charges, screen them with an eye to the “reasonable prospect of conviction” and “public interest.”

    Sentencing judges, she added, consider the nature of the offence, the offender’s circumstances, sentencing principles in the Criminal Code, relevant case law and input from Crown and defence lawyers.

    The man who threw hot coffee into Fernandes’s face got one year probation and an order to write him an apology.

    “He said he’s not that type of person; it was the heat of the moment,” Fernandes says. “People are angry at the uniform, but they don’t realize they are throwing coffee at, or hitting, a person who has a family, children, parents, and, at the end of the day, we are just doing our jobs.

    “If you just focus on where your vehicle is parked, you wouldn’t have an issue with us.”

    Fists, spittle, hot coffee . . . all in a day's work for a Toronto parking officerFists, spittle, hot coffee . . . all in a day's work for a Toronto parking officer

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    MEXICO CITY—A strong new earthquake shook Mexico on Saturday, causing new alarm in a country reeling from two yet-more-powerful quakes this month that have killed nearly 400 people.

    The U.S. Geological Survey said the new, magnitude 6.1 temblor was centred about 18 kilometres south-southeast of Matias Romero in the state of Oaxaca, which was the region most battered by a magnitude 8.1 quake on Sept. 7.

    It was among thousands of aftershocks recorded in the wake of that earlier quake, the most powerful to hit Mexico in 32 years, which killed at least 90 people.

    There were some early reports of damage in Oaxaca. Milenio TV broadcast images of a bridge that partially collapsed.

    Bettina Cruz, a resident of Juchitan, Oaxaca, said by phone with her voice still shaking that the new quake felt “horrible.”

    “Homes that were still standing just fell down,” Cruz said. “It’s hard. We are all in the streets.”

    Read more: Death toll rises in Mexico after powerful earthquake: ‘The disaster is potentially widespread’

    Families of missing in Mexico earthquake still hold out hope as rescue operations continue

    Why Mexico is so vulnerable to earthquakes

    Cruz belongs to a social collective and said that when the new shaking began, she was riding in a truck carrying supplies to victims of the earlier quake.

    Nataniel Hernandez said by phone from Tonala, in the southern state of Chiapas, which was also hit hard by the earlier quake, that it was one of the strongest movements he has felt since then.

    “Since Sept. 7 it has not stopped shaking,” Hernandez.

    U.S. Geological Survey geophysicist Paul Caruso said the new temblor was an aftershock of the 8.1 quake, and after a jolt of that size even buildings left standing can be more vulnerable.

    “So a smaller earthquake can cause the damaged buildings to fail,” Caruso said.

    Buildings and street signs swayed and seismic alarms sounded in Mexico City, prompting people with fresh memories of Tuesday’s magnitude 7.1 temblor that has killed at least 295 across the region to flee homes and hotels. Some were in tears.

    Alejandra Castellanos was on the second floor of a hotel in a central neighbourhood and ran down the stairs and outside with her husband.

    “I was frightened because I thought, not again!” Castellanos said.

    Mexico City Mayor Miguel Angel Mancera told Milenio TV there were “no new developments” due to the quake, though he acknowledged that it provoked “some crises of nerves” among capital residents.

    At the site of an office building that collapsed Tuesday and where an around-the-clock search for survivors was still ongoing, rescuers briefly evacuated from atop the pile of rubble before returning to work.

    As rescue operations stretched into Day 5, residents throughout the capital have held out hope that dozens still missing might be found alive. More than half the dead — 157 — perished in the capital, while another 73 died in the state of Morelos, 45 in Puebla, 13 in Mexico State, six in Guerrero and one in Oaxaca.

    Along a 60-foot stretch of a bike lane in Mexico City, families huddled under tarps and donated blankets, awaiting word of loved ones trapped in the four-story-high pile of rubble behind them.

    “There are moments when you feel like you’re breaking down,” said Patricia Fernandez Romero, who was waiting Friday for word on the fate of her 27-year-old son. “And there are moments when you’re a little calmer. . . . They are all moments that you wouldn’t wish on anyone.”

    Families have been sleeping in tents, accepting food and coffee from strangers, people have organized to present a united front to authorities, who they pressed ceaselessly for information.

    They were told that water and food had been passed along to at least some of those trapped inside. On Friday morning, after hours of inactivity blamed on rain, rescuers were readying to re-enter the site, joined by teams from Japan and Israel. Fernandez said officials told them they knew where people were trapped on the fourth floor.

    It’s the moments between those bits of information that torment the families.

    “It’s that you get to a point when you’re so tense, when they don’t come out to give us information,” she said. “It’s so infuriating.”

    New 6.1-magnitude earthquake shakes already jittery MexicoNew 6.1-magnitude earthquake shakes already jittery Mexico

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    A child, a little boy, strapped into his protective car seat.

    A parked red Hyundai, all the windows rolled up, baking in the Indian summer heat.

    No air, no escape, no intervention and no rescue in time.

    A tragic, gruesome death.

    A window shattered to reach in, the wail of sirens, the frantic efforts of emergency responders, the race to hospital . . . and then the grim word on Thursday night that the youngster had died.

    Patrick, 3-year-old son of Justina and Dariusz Adamski.

    How could this have happened?

    In broad daylight, at a parking lot behind an Etobicoke condo complex, a vehicle with a toddler inside, left for several hours when temperatures outside hit 26 C.

    He would have been gasping. He surely would have been crying.

    Who could possibly be so careless, so inattentive, so negligent?

    As the hours passed and word spread through Toronto, those were the questions being asked.

    And there was rage.

    Who? And how? And why?

    On Friday morning, a 50-year-old woman shuffled into court, dishevelled in a long grey T-shirt, black leggings, flip-flops. She’d spent the night in custody and was taken to court from 22 Division in a cruiser.

    Zeljana Kosovac has been charged with criminal negligence causing death.

    The nanny.

    The caregiver.

    The individual, neighbours told the Star (this was confirmed by Toronto Police Const. David Hopkinson) who regularly picked up the child in the morning, and, then, it is believed, delivered the boy to a care facility. She’d pick him up again at the end of the day.

    A parent’s worst nightmare — there are many — that so practical and regimented a routine could end in such horror. As so many working parents are forced to do: put their most precious possession into the hands of a trusted other.

    This trusted other spoke not a word aloud in court, conversing only briefly in hushed tones with the duty counsel, her neutral expression frozen in place.

    Mere minutes the proceeding lasted at the College Park courthouse. In “ladies’ court” as it’s known because this is where females charged with an offense, from across the city, are usually brought for first appearance bail hearings.

    A snap of the fingers and it was done.

    Crown and duty counsel jointly recommended Kosovac should be released on her own recognizance, on $5,000 surety, no deposit required, with only the most minor of conditions attached: contact with the child’s parents prohibited, relinquishing of her passport within 12 hours of release. (The hearing was otherwise under a publication ban.)

    But there were oddities.

    Entirely without precedent, Kosovac was flanked by court constables as she exited the public door of the courtroom, scooting in quick-step down the long corridor, two men struggling to keep up, one presumably a lawyer, the other a fellow who’d been clutching instructions for posting bond, never needed.

    Down to the main floor of the building, out and across the plaza, walking briskly south on Bay Street, trailed all the way by a posse of reporters and TV cameras, then into a cab.

    That was the last that was seen of Kosovac, stone-faced behind dark sunglasses, as the trio was chased by media.

    All studiously ignored the barrage of questions thrown at them and the cameras right up close.

    Information remains scant on the police investigation, but heart-wrenching in what is known.

    Neighbours insist Kosovac was a vigilant care-giver and would never, in her right mind, leave a child unattended. Nobody has an explanation for it.

    The accused owns a unit in the Mill Rd. building, in the Burnhamthorpe Rd. and Renforth Dr. area, where the car was parked, according to mortgage documents found by the Star.

    A relative of the accused told the Star that Kosovac has just come through a difficult, distressing year, during which she lost her husband to cancer, a year ago this weekend.

    Residents of the apartment building told the Star the boy was unconscious when a superintendant smashed in one of the sedan’s windows to rescue him around 1 p.m. Thursday. Leaving a scene strewn with the car seat, a pair of child’s shoes, a toy, paramedics rushed the child to hospital in critical condition but he could not be saved.

    Const. Hopkinson said it’s too early to ascribe the death to a high temperature inside the car, but the case is a stark reminder of the perils of hot vehicles. An autopsy for the boy was scheduled later Friday.

    “We have a very hot start to our fall season,” Hopkinson said. “It’s a horrible reminder . . . why it is so important not to leave kids or pets in a car unattended.”

    As has become so poignantly customary, a makeshift vigil was set up for the boy by the parking lot where he was found. General contractor Roger Reynolds and his co-worker Lisa Taschuk were among those who stopped by to pay their respects yesterday.

    They’d been working in the adjacent building all day Thursday and passed by the lot several times on their way to get coffee and lunch. They didn’t notice anything amiss until the emergency crews arrived.

    “We knew something wasn’t right, with the brigade of emergency vehicles coming down the road,” Taschuk said. “You just don’t expect something like this to happen, but every year it seems to happen.”

    “The baby seat was sitting right here,” Reynolds said, gesturing to the sidewalk, steps away from the memorial.

    “When I got home, I hugged my 4-year-old and just kept hugging. I didn’t sleep last night.

    “I keep asking myself, could I do something like that?”

    Laying four white roses at the makeshift shrine and holding her 8-month-old son in her arms, Helen Ksiazek wept.

    “I’m overcome with so much sadness this happened. As a mother of a son, it is very upsetting,” she said, kissing her baby’s cheeks and stroking his head.

    Linda Canning and her son walked over from a neighbouring building and laid yellow carnations in between stuffed animals and notes. She’d watched the emergency scene unfold from her balcony on Thursday.

    “I saw that car seat sitting there and it breaks my heart. We keep visiting the vigil because we want the family to know we are thinking of them,” said Canning.

    Larry Armstrong lives across the street. He arrived with a bouquet of flowers and a prayer.

    “It just really hit me. I wish I had a child of my own and I don’t. I just feel so bad for the family.” He added: “I just pray to God he didn’t suffer.”

    Lisa Frenette brought her two young sons to pay their respects at the parking lot. The boys brought a brown stuffed bear and a moose, both stitched with a red maple leaf to place on the growing pile.

    “It’s nice to see that all these people care,” said Frenette. “It’s just really tragic.”

    As someone who lives nearby, Frenette added that it was difficult to think of the time she spent at their home playing with her own children when someone else’s son was suffering not far away.”

    At the dead child’s Mississauga home, the family, who have another son, according to a neighbour, was not to be seen.

    They declined to speak when reached by the Star.

    Their grief is unimaginable, their loss immeasurable.

    Kosovac’s next court appearance is Oct. 16.

    With files from Victoria Gibson, Star Staff and The Canadian Press

    Rosie DiManno usually appears Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday.

    Woman charged in child’s gruesome death in hot car released on bail: DiMannoWoman charged in child’s gruesome death in hot car released on bail: DiManno

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    Mike Trauner has been training hard on the rowing machine in his basement and, after looking at the results from the last Invictus Games, he thinks he’s got a good shot at winning his event in Toronto.

    He’d like to win — everyone likes to be a winner — but at the same time he knows it doesn’t really matter.

    Trauner and the 550 military personnel and veterans from 17 countries competing in Toronto over the next eight days have something much weightier in mind when they take to the pool, track, sport courts and fields.

    “We’re really battling against our own demons,” says the 38-year-old from Pembroke, Ont., who retired from the Canadian forces this year.

    “People aren’t there at the games to earn medals; people are there to overcome their own problems in life.”

    In his case, that’s a pretty long list: 18 surgeries and dying — twice.

    On Dec. 5, 2008, Trauner was with the Canadian forces in Afghanistan on a dawn patrol when he stepped over a berm, heard a pop and found himself flying through the air.

    “I didn’t know what the hell was happening and I landed in this crater the size of my pickup truck.”

    He heard the calls go out over the radio for a helicopter to medivac a double amputee. He didn’t realize they meant him.

    He lost both his legs that day — the left above the knee, the right just below — and doctors very nearly amputated his left hand as well. They lost his vital signs twice before stabilizing him. He has severe damage in both arms, there’s still a chunk of his assault rifle buried deep within his right hand, he has hearing damage, nerve damage and a body full of scars and burns.

    “I can’t remember it all,” he says with a sigh after rhyming off the list of what that explosive device cost him.

    “I have a traumatic brain injury too, but it only affects my short-term memory.”

    He also broke his back in a parachute accident in 2002 — he says he doesn’t notice it anymore because everything else hurts so much more — and was recently found to have diabetes.

    Competing in indoor rowing and road cycling, on a recumbent hand cycle, next week is a chance for Trauner to push against perceived limits and feel part of a Canadian team again.

    “For me, (the Invictus Games) is overcoming the surgeries, overcoming the physical disabilities, overcoming the mental traumas that I had to go through, me and my wife,” he says.

    “If I win, that’s great, if I don’t win, I’m still glad I did it, I’m just happy to be part of it. I know that’s a Canadian answer but it’s true.”

    So much of sport — professional and amateur alike — has become about winning that little leagues and minor hockey contend with hyper-competitive parents, and Paralympics have become all about medals in order to secure much-needed government funding.

    But these games are different.

    There are no medal tables to track the most successful countries and it’s the Invictus anthem — not national anthems — that will play for the champions when they touch the wall first in swimming or win the wheelchair basketball tournament.

    Perhaps one of the most telling signs of the atmosphere and celebratory nature of this event comes in the rulebook, which strongly encourages competitors “to keep alcohol consumption to a minimum when representing their nations in team uniforms.”

    This is only the third time the Invictus Games — established by Prince Harry after witnessing the American Warrior Games — have been held. But the principle of these games for ill and injured members of the armed forces and veterans dates back to the very origins of parasport, when it was used as rehabilitation for soldiers and civilians injured in the Second World War.

    Dr. Ludwig Guttmann opened a spinal injuries centre at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Britain and, over time, sport designed for rehabilitation evolved into recreational and then competitive competition, culminating in its most elite expression at the Paralympics.

    “Invictus is about regaining an active life,” says Mimi Poulin, who lives in Lazo, B.C.

    By the time she arrived to swim, row and play sitting volleyball at last year’s competition in Orlando, she had already achieved her goal.

    It had been just two years since a parachute accident in May 2014 left her with a shattered pelvis and extensive nerve damage in her right leg. She had been a combat medic and was training to move into search and rescue when she was injured. She had to discover her new normal after months in a wheelchair and learning to walk again.

    “Being able to compete in such a big event was my medal,” Poulin says. “It gave me the confidence that I can do anything I want if I set my heart to it.”

    Now, at 38, she is retiring from the military and planning to go back to school to find a new career.

    The co-captain of Canada’s team, Maj. Simon Mailloux, has a couple goals for the Toronto Invictus Games but other than, hopefully, getting to meet Bruce Springsteen, who is playing at the closing ceremony, very little has to do with him.

    “I’m not a natural athlete, I have to admit. I’m just a good guy who is trying to run on one leg,” says the 33-year-old from Quebec City.

    He says he’s doing it for his 4-year-old daughter, Norah.

    “She’s only ever seen me with one leg and I want her to understand that, even though I’m different than other people and I may have struggles and sometimes I hop around at home … I can also do great things.”

    Mailloux lost his left leg in 2007 when his vehicle hit an explosive device in Afghanistan and, with his prosthetic leg, he returned for another tour there in 2009.

    He also competed at last year’s Invictus Games in Orlando and was struck by what he saw there.

    “It’s the first games I saw that you cheer more for the person that finishes last than first,” he says. “You know they went through a lot just to be there.”

    For some competitors, it’s what they’ve been through that gets them picked for the team.

    “Nations don’t select their teams solely on ability to (win a) medal,” says Scott Jones, the senior manager for sport for the Invictus Games.

    “They won’t necessarily pick the best athletes to make the team, they’ll pick who needs the recovery the most and who will benefit the most from the experience and opportunity.”

    Trauner had been going through a rough stretch — more surgeries, and housebound winters — when Michael Burns, CEO of Toronto Invictus Games, invited him to attend the official launch in May 2016.

    At that Toronto event, after a round of greetings and thank you’s, it was none other than Prince Harry who urged him to compete next year.

    “I accept challenges. Just being infantry, I have to accept challenges,” says Trauner, who alternates between prosthetic legs and a wheelchair.

    “I challenge you to come out next year,” he recalled the prince telling him.

    “Join the team, challenge yourself, compete against the guys, I want to see you there and I said, ‘You’re on, I accept your challenge.’ I shook his hand and took a picture.”

    It came at the perfect time, Trauner’s wife, Leah Cuffe, recalls.

    In the early years, all his energy was taken up with navigating his physical issues. But being housebound again in 2015 after more surgery led to some dark days.

    “When he has a goal he fights and he trains. It gives his life purpose,” she says. “He’s back to Mike again and those dark days he was having are gone.”

    His recovery has become the focus of her life as much as his.

    She’s in the basement doing counts with him when he’s on the rower and she’s with him when he cycles on the road.

    “I bought a recumbent bike myself so we can train together,” Cuffe says. “And on the days when he wants to do distance I shadow him in my car so that he doesn’t get hit because I couldn’t do another phone call like that.”

    She’s referring to the call she got at 3:43 a.m. telling her something had happened to her husband. That led to an emergency flight to the medical centre in Landstuhl, Germany, and a walk down the longest hallway she can remember to see her husband.

    He knew his new reality would also be hers.

    “I am so sorry — those were his first words to me,” she recalls.

    In recognition of the role that families play in a soldier’s recovery, whether it’s from a physical injury or a mental one with post traumatic stress illness, Invictus competitors are invited to bring two people with them to stay at no cost in Toronto to enjoy the experience with them.

    “It’s going to be amazing,” Cuffe says about spending the week in Toronto, attending events and watching Trauner compete.

    “I’m so excited for him and I’m so proud of him, just how far he’s come,” she says.

    “I’m going to shout from the rooftops.”

    For this veteran who lost his legs and died — twice — the Invictus Games are about more than medalsFor this veteran who lost his legs and died — twice — the Invictus Games are about more than medals

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    OTTAWA—Canada’s chief negotiator Steve Verheul says he does not expect the American team to lay out its wishlist for how much to raise the bar for American content in the automotive sector — a key point of contention — in the third round of talks that got underway here Saturday.

    Verheul, speaking to reporters on his way into the talks, also said it is “doubtful” the three-way negotiations will close a chapter on the environment, despite an American team’s spokesperson suggesting “significant progress” had been made on the environment and the chapter on that could be finalized in Ottawa.

    The U.S. has stated one of its key objectives is to raise the amount of North American, and specifically American, content in automotive vehicles made and sold within the North American free trade zone. It is currently, under NAFTA rules, set at 62.5 per cent. The U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross reinforced that demand this week in a Washington Post opinion column. However the U.S. has yet to lay out its specific “ask” or clarify what number it would like to see.

    Rules of origin “will be a subject for discussion but we’re not expecting to see anything radically new at this point,” Verheul said.

    Verheul said “it’s a very big subject,” — rules of origin may also apply to other goods — but despite assertions late in the week that the U.S. views the need to tighten auto sector rules as key to advancing a new NAFTA deal, Verheul did not expect new developments, but nevertheless said he was feeling good as round three began.

    “I’m always optimistic,” said Verheul, but he said it is “too early to say” if significant progress will be made.

    “We’re all putting text on the table at this point,” said Verheul as he strode into the meeting with reporters tailing behind. He said he expected talks would intensify now “but we’ll see how it goes.”

    Emily Davis, a spokesperson for the U.S. Trade Representative’s office, suggested progress has already been made in the areas of the environment, small and medium-size enterprise and competition.

    Delegates for all three teams were tight-lipped on their way in Saturday, after being dropped off at an Ottawa conference centre on Sussex Drive in yellow school buses.

    Canada does not expect U.S. to clarify its demands on auto sector at NAFTA talks todayCanada does not expect U.S. to clarify its demands on auto sector at NAFTA talks today

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    This was a week that saw men with fingers on nuclear codes reduced to blathering name-calling idiots, while women in the public eye rose up and spoke and inspired.

    It was a week when some men acted like infants even while others tried to discredit women by infantilizing them.

    Exhibit A for baby-men were Donald Trump and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un in a tense exchange of brinkmanship, where — get this — Kim made more sense than the U.S. president. In a statement, Kim castigated Trump’s “unethical will to ‘totally destroy’ a sovereign state, beyond the boundary of threats of regime change or overturn of social system.”

    Then he responded with a threat to conduct “the biggest ever hydrogen bomb test in the Pacific,” and returned Trump’s name calling in kind.

    Read more:

    The Gerry Ritzing of Catherine McKenna: Mallick

    A short history of ‘dotard,’ the arcane insult Kim Jong Un used in his threat against Trump

    How an article defending colonialism was ever published is a mystery roiling academia: Paradkar

    In their defence, they offered the hollow comfort of hilarity.

    “Rocket Man!” roared the vapid villain who had already reduced to dust the dignity of his American seat.

    “Frightened dog. Deranged dotard,” raged the pipsqueak ruler of the kingdom of ashes, the wondrous creature who once called South Korea’s first female president “a crafty prostitute.”

    At this, the wounded egomaniac summoned up his finest vocabulary.

    “Madman,” he screeched.

    You’re fired, Donny boy. In a war of words at least, Kim’s weapons possess longer range than yours.

    Earlier in the week, the ever-mature president had retweeted a doctored GIF of himself swinging a golf ball and hitting his former rival Hillary Clinton on the back, leading her to take a tumble. Such power! Such machismo! See, here was a man to put women like her in their place.

    Then there was the football fans’ derision directed at Beth Mowins, who made history this week by becoming the first woman to call a game on Monday Night Football. “Can’t stand the voice.” “Her voice is like fingernails on a blackboard,” “Your voice ruined it for me,” whined viewers.

    There’s no point pretending this was personal preference rather than sexism.

    As Rebecca Martinez, who teaches women’s and gender studies at the University of Missouri told the New York Times, “The comments, mostly from men … focus on the naturally higher pitch of women’s voices and ‘shrillness,’ all the while claiming their critiques of higher pitch have nothing to do with sexism.”

    This is how women sound — different from men. This is how women look — different from men.

    As with men, not one is without flaws. Unlike men, not one escapes ridicule.

    Exhibit A of infantilizing women took place in Canada when Saskatchewan MP Gerry Ritz referred to our country’s environment minister as a “climate Barbie” in a tweet.

    Of what confounding nature is this duplicity foisted on women? Shamed as inferior if you’re not white and blond. Shamed as inferior if you are.

    Two MPs tackled both issues this week.

    Women in Catherine McKenna’s position of having received sexist or racist comments are often counselled to click mute at this point — even by well-wishers.

    Let it go, we are told. Happens all the time. Not worth it.

    Sometimes, though, it’s the silence that’s not worth it when all it serves to do is maintain the status quo.

    McKenna called him out.

    “Do you use that sexist language about your daughter, mother, sister?” she responded. “We need more women in politics. Your sexist comments won’t stop us.”

    Some 20 minutes later, Ritz apologized for using the word Barbie. “It is not reflective of the role our minister plays.”

    If only we could also recalibrate the thinking that leads to such expression.

    In New York to talk climate change with high-level diplomats, McKenna spoke about the incident to reporters.

    “You know what’s really sad?” she asked. “That I’m having to talk about this.”

    “I want to be talking about what I’m doing. But unfortunately we’re having this conversation. … We need to move on. I’ve got two daughters. There’s lots of young women who want to get into politics, and I want them to feel like they can go do that, and they can talk about the great work they’re doing — not about the colour of their hair.”

    About hair.

    There was Celina Caesar-Chavannes, the MP from Whitby, rising magnificently in Parliament Hill wearing her hair in braids in solidarity with women who have been shamed based on their appearance. She delivered a one-minute speech that was a marvel of composure and wisdom and defiance.

    I leave you with her words as your motivation:

    “It has come to my attention that there are young girls here in Canada and other parts of the world who are removed from school or shamed because of their hairstyle.

    “Mr. Speaker, body-shaming of any woman in any form from the top of her head to the soles of her feet is wrong.”

    “Irrespective of her hairstyle, the size of her thighs, the size of her hips, the size of her baby bump, the size of her breasts, or the size of lips, what makes us different makes us unique and beautiful.

    “So Mr. Speaker I will continue to rock these braids. For three reasons. No. 1, because I’m sure you’ll agree, they look pretty dope. No. 2, in solidarity with women who have been shamed based on their appearance.

    “And No. 3, and most importantly, in solidarity with young girls and women who look like me and those who don’t. I want them to know that their braids, their dreads, their super-curly afro puffs, their weaves, their hijabs, and their headscarves, and all other variety of hairstyles, belong in schools, in the workplace, in the boardroom and yes, even here on Parliament Hill.”

    Shree Paradkar writes about discrimination and identity. You can follow her @shreeparadkar

    Women step up as man-babies throw tantrums: ParadkarWomen step up as man-babies throw tantrums: Paradkar

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    SOMERSET, N. J.—U. S. President Donald Trump says if a basketball player doesn’t want to visit the White House to celebrate an NBA title, then don’t bother showing up.

    Trump responded Saturday on Twitter to Golden State Warriors star Stephen Curry, who has made clear he’s not interested in a traditional White House trip. Curry told reporters Friday: “I don’t want to go . . . my beliefs stay the same.”

    Trump weighed in Saturday from his golf club Bedminster, New Jersey. He said: “Going to the White House is considered a great honour for a championship team. Stephen Curry is hesitating, therefore invitation is withdrawn!”

    It was not immediately clear whether Trump was rescinding the invitation for Curry or the entire team.

    The tweet about Curry and the Warriors came one day after Trump told a rally in Alabama that NFL owners should fire players who kneel during the national anthem. Several NFL players, starting with quarterback Colin Kaepernick, refused to stand during The Star-Spangled Banner to protest police treatment of blacks and social injustice.

    “That’s a total disrespect of our heritage. That’s a total disrespect of everything that we stand for,” Trump said, encouraging owners to act.

    “Wouldn’t you love to see one of these NFL owners, when somebody disrespects our flag, you’d say, ‘Get that son of a bitch off the field right now. Out! He’s fired,” Trump said to loud applause.

    Warriors general manager Bob Myers said Friday the team has had discussions with the White House, and that Golden State owner Joe Lacob also would be involved in the decision on whether to go. The Warriors did not immediately respond to a request for reaction to Trump’s tweet early Saturday. They were scheduled for an afternoon media availability following their first practice.

    Curry said Friday a decision to not visit the White House would only be a first step.

    “By acting and not going, hopefully that will inspire some change when it comes to what we tolerate in this country and what is accepted and what we turn a blind eye to,” Curry said. “It’s not just the act of not going. There are things you have to do on the back end to actually push that message into motion.”

    Read more: Kevin Durant won’t visit White House if Warriors are invited: ‘I don’t respect who’s in office right now’

    NBA Commissioner Adam Silver told The Players’ Tribune in July he believes teams should visit the White House when invited, though also said he would not order anyone to make such a trip.

    “I think that these institutions are bigger than any individual politician, any individual elected official,” Silver said then. “And it concerns me that something like going to the White House after winning a championship, something that has been a great tradition, would become one that is partisan. I will say, though, even though I think that teams should make decisions as organizations, that I would also respect an individual player’s decision not to go.”

    Trump has met with some teams already in his first year in office.

    Clemson visited the White House this year after winning the College Football Playoff, some members of the New England Patriots went after the Super Bowl victory and the Chicago Cubs went to the Oval Office in June to commemorate their World Series title. The Cubs also had the larger-scale, more traditional visit with President Barack Obama in January, four days before the Trump inauguration.

    And if the Warriors don’t want to meet with Trump, they may still get a welcome in Washington: House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi of California has said she would like to bring the team to the Capitol.

    Trump rescinds Stephen Curry’s invitation to visit White HouseTrump rescinds Stephen Curry’s invitation to visit White House

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    Walk south on High Park Ave. in the Junction from Dundas St. toward Bloor St. and you’ll see detached houses rubbing shoulders with humbler semis and walk-up apartments.

    “You’ve got it all right there,” says Toronto urban planner Sean Galbraith.

    High Park Ave. is a model street, he says, when it comes to one of the hottest topics in the Toronto region’s pervasive housing conversation. It’s a rare example of “the missing middle,” a planning term for homes that fall between a single detached house and a mid-rise apartment building. It includes semis, laneway homes, secondary suites and townhouses. In some settings, small apartment buildings are also considered part of the missing middle.

    It’s the kind of housing that a growing number of politicians, planners and urbanists say we need to build if we’re going to encourage gentle densities and make the region’s prized neighbourhoods vital and accessible to young families.

    It’s not that this type of housing doesn’t exist. It’s just too scarce for the growing number of young families who can’t afford a detached house but want to live close to transit, shops and schools.

    Zoning rules have shut missing middle homes out of large swathes of the city. There are about 20,000 hectares where it’s virtually impossible to build anything except single-family detached houses, said Galbraith. (Toronto covers just over 64,000 hectares.)

    The average Toronto household is 2.4 people.

    "If you added a single duplex per hectare, you've made room for like 48,000 extra people and not changed neighbourhood character one bit," he says.

    "Make it a triplex and that goes up to 72,000 extra people. If you're outside of the former city of Toronto and you see a lot that has a single house on it, odds are very, very, very good that the underlying zoning says that's basically all you're allowed to put on it," said Galbraith.

    “I can’t remember the last time somebody built a small walk-up apartment like a four-plex, something like you see in Parkdale or the old Annex,” he said.

    Galbraith blames the city’s official plan for freezing neighbourhoods to protect against the block-busting of the 1960s. That’s when developers bought up homes, tore them down and built apartment towers in the middle of established areas.

    Now, he said, “You can knock a bungalow down and build a two- or three-storey house as long as there’s only one unit in it. Doesn’t matter if it’s the scale of the neighbours or not, which makes no sense to me.”

    It's not that time has stood still in Toronto. City council has adopted a report setting standards for laneway suites. City planners have been focused on avenues such as Eglinton, making them more transit-oriented, walkable and bike friendly. Missing-middle advocates admit the city can't do everything at once.

    But they also recognize it is difficult for politicians to persuade home-owning constituents that gently increasing the density of their neighbourhoods with missing middle housing won't erode their property values.

    The 905 communities surrounding Toronto are often seen as an affordable alternative to families who can’t afford to buy in the city. But like many global cities, even Toronto’s commuter communities are becoming prohibitively expensive.

    A stacked townhome in Brampton might go for $300,000 or $400,000. It sounds like a lot, but in today’s housing market that’s relatively affordable, said Michael Collins-Williams, director of policy at the Ontario Home Builders Association.

    Space and distance are two inevitable compromises of the region’s rising property values. “Even with this missing middle, they’ll have to accept less space,” he said.

    It helps that there’s a spreading ethos embracing the idea that smaller is better and rejecting the accumulation of stuff, said Collins-Williams.

    “Housing is much more expensive now in terms of the multipliers of average income. If you want the space, you’re going to have to compromise on location and live far, far away from the city to afford the traditional subdivision,” he said. “If you’re willing to compromise on space, you may be able to get a better location. You could ride transit instead of having a car.”

    To meet provincial growth targets, Mississauga has been building its own vibrant skyscraping downtown. But without more stacked and back-to-back townhomes and small apartment buildings, Mayor Bonnie Crombie fears her city will be missing another middle — the middle-class families with annual incomes between $50,000 and $100,000, for whom Mississauga has traditionally been a destination.

    So the city has developed a missing middle strategy with zoning and tax provisions to encourage the development of affordable — not just subsidized — housing.

    “Many middle-income households in Mississauga are struggling to enter the housing and rental market due to rising prices. One in three households are spending more than 30 per cent of their gross household income on housing, which is considered unaffordable,” Crombie told a Peel Region housing summit this year.

    But a lack of data may be undermining the suspected urgency behind the need for more missing middle homes, said Cherise Burda, executive director of the Ryerson City Building Institute.

    “We have over 100,000 multi-unit homes coming down the pipe over the next five years. The question is, are we building the right type of housing?

    “We’re building a lot of studios and one-bedrooms in high rises but is that for families or is it a lot of building for investment?” she said.

    If we aren’t building for families, there’s nowhere for millennials to go once they leave their small condos except farther away from their jobs, transit and existing infrastructure. It adds to congestion and puts more pressure on the limited supply of family-friendly housing in urban centres.

    “When you talk about affordability, it’s the housing that’s in our more location-efficient neighbourhoods that is holding more value. If we don’t build more of that appropriate housing, we’ll gut out the city and young families will have to live away,” said Burda.

    The Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation measures the number of condos built, but it doesn’t break down their size or whether they are high-rise apartments or stacked townhouses.

    The province sets growth targets, but the ministry of housing told the Toronto Star that it’s up to municipalities to forecast their own needs and track the kind of housing built there.

    But a senior researcher with the Centre for Urban Research and Land Development at Ryerson University says the Toronto area is behind other Canadian cities in building the missing middle.

    “Twenty per cent of (housing) completions in 2016 were in the missing middle in the GTA, compared to 30 per cent in both Calgary and Vancouver and 43 per cent in Montreal,” wrote Diana Petramala in a recent blog post.

    Other cities, including San Francisco and New York, are also promoting the missing middle, says urban policy consultant Brian Kelcey.

    “The difference in Toronto is, there is a real sense from people who work on smaller developments that the city and city planners and prominent urbanists are talking a lot about this but they’re not actually doing anything,” he said.

    Kelcey points to North Vancouver, where residential, detached housing lots have been re-zoned to allow for the building of up to three units.

    “There is no such thing as a one-home lot in North Vancouver,” he said.

    But missing-middle housing isn’t an overnight solution to the Toronto region’s sprawl and affordability challenges. It’s part of an evolution, not a radical makeover, stressed Galbraith.

    “This is a 20-year idea, not a two-year idea. It would allow neighbourhoods to evolve and reflect basic demographic changes. We don’t have as many kids as we used to, so why do we need a five-bedroom house with one person living in it when that person could replace it with a duplex? They still live there, sell the other half or rent it out,” he said.

    “I can’t think of any real valid reason we wouldn’t want to do this from a public perspective.”

    Stacking the deck

    When the Hampshire Mews townhomes hit the market in Richmond Hill about four years ago, the buyers weren’t exactly lined up at the developer’s door.

    “It took a little while for people to get their heads around the product type,” said Bob Finnigan, chief operating officer of Herity Homes, which owned the two-acre site near Yonge St. and Elgin Mills Rd.

    It was the conventional townhouses in the complex, with a garage in the front and a patio at the back, that sold first. The stacked towns — 42 of the 60 units — were a newer commodity. They had less outdoor space and the garage was at the rear.

    Hampshire Mews was among the first stacked town developments in Richmond Hill and the first for Herity’s Heathwood Homes division.

    But in the two years since the Mews was built, that format has been increasingly recognized as an important solution in creating the population densities the province demands through its recently updated anti-sprawl growth plan.

    Priced and built to provide an option between high-rise and single-family detached houses, stacked and back-to-back towns are more familiar to buyers now, said Finnigan, a past president of the Canadian Home Builders Association.

    “This would sell faster (today) because people understand what’s available. If they go from a 600-square-foot or 700-square-foot apartment to ground level (homes), this helps them make that transition,” he said.

    At Hampshire Mews, there are three homes in a series of 30-foot-wide modules. Two two-level units of about 1,400 square feet occupy the upper levels. A third entry leads to a bungalow “flat” of about 1,100 square feet.

    Occupants have to climb a short set of stairs from their garage to the lower bungalow unit and an additional staircase to the upper units. Recently, builders have begun making stacked home modules wider and shallower to eliminate at least one set of stairs, said Finnigan.

    Each unit has parking for two cars — one in the driveway and one in the garage — and York Region’s new bus rapid transit system is a short walk away on Yonge St.

    The bigger homes have a tiny square of green at the front. The flats have balconies. Two landscaped parkettes with benches in the middle act as communal gardens. They didn’t install playground equipment because it seldom gets used, said Finnigan.

    It’s a myth that builders only want to construct single-family detached homes, he said. The profit on stacked towns is about the same because you can put more homes on the same piece of land — about twice as many as conventional towns.

    But the stacked homes are more difficult to build and design because of the horizontal and vertical separations between the units. Heat flows up, not down. The heating systems have been built into closets in the upper units and off the garage in the lower ones.

    Strict municipal planning rules in the Toronto region dictate road widths and other external design elements allowing for fire, ambulance and garbage truck access, meaning the actual bricks and mortar of the homes cover about 45 to 50 per cent of the site.

    But in California, some builders are finding ways to make 85 per cent of a site available for housing itself. One California development has built park-like trails through its complexes. Another has devised narrow side patios in place of rear and front yards.

    Why High Park Ave. may be Toronto’s ideal streetWhy High Park Ave. may be Toronto’s ideal street

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    The founder of the Invictus Games spent the hours leading up to the opening ceremonies visiting one of Canada’s top mental health facilities.

    Prince Harry toured the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health on Saturday morning, participating in research round tables and discussing treatment for youth.

    Describing the complex issue as one requiring a “massive team effort,” Harry listened attentively to anecdotes from patients who sought treatment for mental health and addiction struggles at the facility in downtown Toronto.

    One person in attendance told Harry that she still cherished a visit decades before from his mother, the late Princess Diana.

    Outside the Centre, a crowd of people gathered to greet and welcome the Prince, who is in town to launch the Games he founded to help inspire and motivate wounded soldiers on their paths to recovery.

    The crowd let out an enthusiastic cheer upon his arrival and called his name when he emerged from his meeting. Harry shook hands with many of his well-wishers and took time to pet a dog who was on hand for the festivities.

    The Games will officially get underway at Saturday evening’s opening ceremonies, which Harry will attend along with other dignitaries including Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Harry will meet with both Trudeau and Gov. Gen. David Johnston in the hours before the ceremony.

    The star-studded show is set to take place at the Air Canada Centre and will feature performances by Sarah McLachlan, Alessia Cara and the Tenors.

    At least 550 competitors from 17 countries are slated to compete in 12 sports, including track and field, swimming and, in a first for the Invictus Games, golf.

    Sporting event tickets cost $25 and both opening and closing ceremony tickets start at $60.

    Closing ceremony performers include the likes of Bruce Springsteen, Bryan Adams and Kelly Clarkson.

    The first Invictus Games were held in London, England, in 2014.

    On Friday, dozens of onlookers gathered outside a building in Toronto’s financial district hoping to catch a glimpse of Harry, but the royal appeared determined to keep the focus on the Games, and didn’t stop to interact with fans who cheered and called out to him.

    The Games run until Sept. 30.

    Prince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus GamesPrince Harry tours CAMH, greets crowds in lead-up to Invictus Games

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    A TTC board member is warning that the city is at risk of “cheaping out” on a key waterfront transit connection, as it mulls proposals to scrap streetcar service to Union Station in favour of less costly alternatives.

    At a public meeting about waterfront transit plans on Monday night, the city unveiled a set of three options to overhaul the tunnel that links the station and Queens Quay.

    Streetcars running on the western waterfront currently operate in the 530-metre tunnel and terminate at Union. But with a new East Bayfront streetcar line planned, the existing underground infrastructure can’t handle the extra service.

    The three options being proposed to link Union and Queens Quay are: expanding the tunnel to accommodate the additional streetcars; replacing the streetcar tracks with a below-ground pedestrian walkway; or, in what would be a first of its kind project in Toronto, installing an underground cable car.

    Read more: If it’s worth spending billions to build a subway in Scarborough it’s worth properly linking the waterfront to Union: Keenan

    Expanding the tunnel and preserving the streetcar service would be the most expensive option — previous estimates indicate it would cost at least $270 million. It’s also the only one that would provide seamless transit access between the waterfront and Union. Under the other two proposals, streetcars would operate east and west along Queens Quay but not travel north to the station.

    Councillor Joe Mihevc, who sits on the TTC board, argued the city would be foolish not to maintain the streetcar link. He said it’s the only option that improves transit, while the other two are aimed at keeping costs low.

    “This is not a project that we should frankly cheap out on,” he said, describing the other proposals as “second-rate.”

    The high cost of expanding the tunnel is driven by the complex underground work it would require, including expanding the streetcar loop beneath Union Station to accommodate additional boarding platforms, and the creation of a second tunnel entrance on Queens Quay east of Yonge St.

    “It is a lot of money but . . . it is worth every penny, considering what we’re building south of Front St.,” said Mihevc. “The congestion in that area will be unrelenting.”

    The number of residents and jobs on Toronto’s waterfront is expected to grow by about 470,000 over the next 25 years. Planners predict that by 2041, there will be 10,000 people headed south from Union Station in the morning rush hour.

    Nigel Tahair, a program manager for transportation planning at the city, said all three proposals meet the waterfront study’s threshold of accommodating at least 7,000 people per hour.

    But he acknowledged that “the experience of using these three different systems will obviously be quite different.”

    Under the pedestrian walkway option, it would take the average person at least six minutes to walk from Union to Queens Quay through the tunnel. A moving sidewalk of the type commonly seen in airports would speed up the trip, but there is only space in the eight-metre-wide tunnel for one of the devices.

    That means the moving sidewalk would operate in one direction in the morning and then in the opposite direction in the afternoon. People not travelling the peak direction would be stuck in the slow lane, on a regular walkway beside the moving sidewalk.

    Tahair said a moving sidewalk that only travels in one direction is “obviously a shortcoming,” but the proposal does have the potential to offer connections to the PATH network at midpoints between Union and Queens Quay.

    “We need transit service, but we also need really good, high-quality pedestrian links in the network. They’re complementary,” he said.

    The underground funicular, the most unorthodox of the proposals, would operate on a cable-pulled system within the existing streetcar tunnel. The driverless cars would travel at 36 km/h, operate at one-minute intervals and have a peak capacity of 8,250 people in each direction per hour.

    Tahair said the main drawback would be that people trying to switch between train service at Union and the streetcar line on Queens Quay would have to make two transfers.

    “People generally don’t like transfers, so that’s a negative experience,” he said.

    The city planning department, Waterfront Toronto, and the TTC are working together on the waterfront transit study. According to Mihevc, there “is a vigorous debate” among them on which option is best.

    TTC spokesperson Brad Ross declined to comment on which one the transit agency favours, saying it will wait until city staff release their final recommendations.

    A spokesperson for Mayor John Tory also said it was too early to weigh in.

    A report detailing all three options is expected to go before Tory’s executive committee in October. Tahair said he hoped the city, Waterfront Toronto and the TTC will select a preferred option within months.

    Proposals to link Queens Quay and Union Station include a moving sidewalk, a cable car or more streetcarsProposals to link Queens Quay and Union Station include a moving sidewalk, a cable car or more streetcars

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    SOMERSET, N.J.—The National Football League and its players’ union on Saturday angrily denounced U.S. President Donald Trump for suggesting that owners fire players who kneel during the national anthem and that fans consider walking out in protest “when somebody disrespects our flag.”

    “Divisive comments like these demonstrate an unfortunate lack of respect for the NFL, our great game and all of our players,” the league commissioner, Roger Goodell, said in a statement.

    DeMaurice Smith, executive director of the NFL Players Association, tweeted: “We will never back down. We no longer can afford to stick to sports.”

    Trump, during a political rally in Alabama on Friday night, also blamed a drop in NFL ratings on the nation’s interest in “yours truly” as well as what he contended was a decline in violence in the game.

    Read more: Trump says NFL players who kneel in protest during national anthem should be fired

    Donald Trump makes 16 false claims at Alabama rally

    Trump rescinds Stephen Curry’s invitation to visit White House

    Smith said the union won’t shy away from “protecting the constitutional rights of our players as citizens as well as their safety as men who compete in a game that exposes them to great risks.”

    Trump kept up his foray into the sports world on Saturday, when he responded to comments by Stephen Curry of the Golden State Warriors, who has made it clear that he’s not interested in a traditional White House trip for the NBA champions

    “Going to the White House is considered a great honour for a championship team. Stephen Curry is hesitating, therefore invitation is withdrawn!” Trump tweeted while spending the weekend at his golf club in New Jersey.

    It was not immediately clear whether Trump was rescinding the invitation for Curry or the entire team.

    Several athletes, including a handful of NFL players, have refused to stand during “The Star-Spangled Banner” to protest of the treatment of blacks by police. Quarterback Colin Kaepernick, who started the trend last year when he played for the San Francisco 49ers, hasn’t been signed by an NFL team for this season.

    Trump, who once owned the New Jersey Generals of the U.S. Football League, said those players are disrespecting the American flag and deserve to lose their jobs.

    “That’s a total disrespect of our heritage. That’s a total disrespect of everything that we stand for,” Trump said, encouraging owners to act.

    “Wouldn’t you love to see one of these NFL owners, when somebody disrespects our flag, you’d say, ‘Get that son of a bitch off the field right now. Out! He’s fired,” Trump said to loud applause.

    Trump also predicted that any owner who followed the presidential encouragement would become “the most popular person in this country” — at least for a week.

    The players’ union said in a statement that “no man or woman should ever have to choose a job that forces them to surrender their rights. No worker nor any athlete, professional or not, should be forced to become less than human when it comes to protecting their basic health and safety.”

    The NFLPA said “the line that marks the balance between the rights of every citizen in our great country gets crossed when someone is told to just ‘shut up and play.’”

    Buffalo Bills running back LeSean McCoy tweeted, “It’s really sad man” and then used an obscenity to describe Trump.

    On the issue of violence on the field, Trump said players are being thrown out for aggressive tackles, and it’s “not the same game.”

    Over the past several seasons, the NFL and college football have increased penalties and enforcement for illegal hits to the head and for hitting defenceless players. A July report on 202 former football players found evidence of a debilitating brain disease linked to repeated head blows in nearly all of them. The league has agreed to pay $1 billion to retired players who claimed it misled them about the concussion dangers of playing football.

    During his campaign, Trump often expressed nostalgia for the “old days” — claiming, for example, that protesters at his rallies would have been carried out on stretchers back then. He recently suggested police officers should be rougher with criminals and shouldn’t protect their heads when pushing them into squad cars.

    It’s also not the first time he’s raised the kneeling issue. Earlier this year he took credit for the fact that Kaepernick hadn’t been signed.

    Television ratings for the NFL have been slipping since the beginning of the 2016 season. The league and observers have blamed a combination of factors, including competing coverage of last year’s presidential election, more viewers dropping cable television, fans’ discomfort with the reports of head trauma and the anthem protests.

    Ratings have been down even more in the early 2017 season, though broadcasters and the league have blamed the hurricanes that hit Florida and Texas. Still, the NFL remains by far the most popular televised sport in the United States.

    Trump said the anthem protest was the top reason NFL viewership had waned.

    “You know what’s hurting the game?” he asked. “When people like yourselves turn on television and you see those people taking the knee when they’re playing our great national anthem,” he said.

    Trump encouraged his supporters to pick up and leave the stadium next time they spot a player failing to stand.

    “I guarantee things will stop,” he said.

    ‘We will never back down’: NFL commissioner, players’ union denounce Trump‘We will never back down’: NFL commissioner, players’ union denounce Trump

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    WASHINGTON—U.S. President Donald Trump went to Alabama on Friday to deliver a speech in support of his chosen candidate, Luther Strange, in the Republican primary for the state’s open Senate seat.

    He made false claims about Strange. He made false claims about the crowd. He made false claims about Alabama itself. All in all, it was a vintage Trump rally performance: 16 false claims in all.

    On Monday, we’ll do a full update tallying up all of his false claims from the last week. 604.Counting the rally alone, though, the president has now made 604 false claims over 246 days in office — an average of 2.5 false claims per day.

    Trump has proven uniquely willing to lie, exaggerate and mislead. By all expert accounts, he is more frequently inaccurate than any of his predecessors.

    Read more:

    How Toronto Star reporter Daniel Dale fact-checks Trump

    We are keeping track. Below is a list of every false claim Trump has made since his inauguration on Jan. 20.

    Why call them false claims, not lies? We can’t be sure that each and every one was intentional; in some cases, he may have been confused or ignorant. What we know, objectively, is that he was not telling the truth.

    Last updated: Sept. 23, 2017

    Donald Trump makes 16 false claims at Alabama rallyDonald Trump makes 16 false claims at Alabama rally

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    Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was one of the scores of people paying tribute at the funeral for Liberal MP Arnold Chan on Saturday morning in Toronto.

    Chan, the member of parliament for Scarborough-Agincourt, died of cancer this month at age 50.

    Trudeau was one of several speakers at the ceremony, along with Chan’s wife, Jean Yip, their three sons as well as childhood friends.

    Former Ontario premier Dalton McGuinty read from the Bible, and many of Chan’s colleagues were honorary pallbearers, including Conservative MP Erin O’Toole and Immigration Minister Ahmed Hussen.

    Chan was remembered as principled and optimistic, a devoted family man and a talented musician, and an MP completely engrossed with the political process.

    Read more:

    In posthumous speech read by fellow MP, Arnold Chan urges good will and courage

    In an emotional tribute, Trudeau described Chan as passionate and convicted, calling him “one of the most honourable members of that House of Commons.”

    He said the last time he saw Chan, they sang Elton John’s “Your Song” together, with Chan on piano.

    “You all know that I don’t sing often, and there’s a reason for that,” Trudeau said. “But Arnold had me belting out the words while he played beautifully.

    “Arnold, your song will forever be ours.”

    Trudeau also quoted Maya Angelou: “Your legacy is every life you’ve touched.”

    “I look around this room, I look back at the days that followed the tragic news of our friend’s passing, and I see Arnold’s lasting legacy,” he said. “A legacy that goes far beyond the bills he authored or the votes he won. Far beyond the victories he celebrated and the losses he bore.”

    Chan grew up in Toronto. He earned masters degrees in political science and urban planning, and also has a law degree. He was named the Liberal Party’s deputy House leader after they took power in the 2015 federal election.

    In June he gave an impassioned speech to his fellow MPs, urging them to reject acrimonious debate and what he called “canned talking points” in favour of civility. At the time, Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale called the speech “truly extraordinary.”

    Chan was diagnosed with nasopharyngeal carcinoma shortly after he won the Scarborough-Agincourt seat in a 2014 byelection. He began a difficult treatment regime of radiation and chemotherapy, but revealed in March 2016 the cancer had returned.

    His funeral was jointly officiated by Toronto MP Rob Oliphant, an ordained minister, as well as Rev. Sarah Chapman. Other politicians in attendance were Toronto Mayor John Tory and Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne.

    Trudeau pays tribute at funeral for Liberal MP Arnold ChanTrudeau pays tribute at funeral for Liberal MP Arnold Chan

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    Standing on the eastern, most riverside city of Cox’s Bazaar, Bangladesh, in the shadow a Burmese horizon that’s still on fire, Zaid Al-Rawni watched small boats crossing the treacherous waters full of people. They’d go back empty and come back with more people.

    A regular and steady flow of dead bodies came alongside the boats, as Bangladeshi men and women wait on the other side to bury them.

    On the opposite bank, queues of people, as far as Al-Rawni could see, were waiting their turn to cross the river, dead or alive.

    “It was chaos, complete chaos,” he said. “When I got there (early last week) the numbers were in the (high) 200,000s. By the time I left, they were talking about 400,000 people who had crossed.”

    Al-Rawni is the CEO of Islamic Relief Canada, an aid organization that has been working in the area since May 2008 when cyclone Nargis caused the worst natural disaster in Burmese history. Islamic Relief and the Canadian chapter of the Islamic Circle of North America are the only Canadian aid agencies to have gained access to one of the world’s biggest refugee crisis.

    Together, they have distributed thousands of food packages, tens of thousands of donations from Canadians and started building shelter.

    Read More:

    10 photos from Bangladesh camps, 10 stories of Rohingya desperation

    Fires continue in Rohingya villages in Burma, Amnesty International says

    Rohingya Muslims being wiped off Burma’s map

    “The most dangerous thing for this community right now is hygiene,” Al-Rawni said. More than 420,000 people “just showed up overnight. Where are they defecating? Where are they washing their hands?”

    With heavy rains constantly pouring in Bangladesh, Al-Rawni is worried by “the real potential for an insane cholera outbreak, worse than Yemen, if we don’t move fast.”

    Shaukat Hussain, a member of ICNA Canada, agrees. Camps have had to be evacuated because of heavy rains, he said from Cox’s Bazaar. Landslides have made the temporary tents impossible to live in and forced people to sleep on open roads.

    “It’s a matter of humanity suffering and if organizations like the UN and powerful countries do not intervene soon, then, definitely, (the Rohingya) will be eliminated,” Hussain said.

    Typically, it takes six or seven weeks after a crisis to set up a fully functional refugee camp with the right volume of aid. Both Al-Rawni and Hussain estimate that hundreds of millions of dollars will be needed to set up a camp with facilities adequate for people of this scale.

    Normally this happens under one of the UN agencies, Al-Rawni said. “The UN doesn’t have the capacity to do the work, but they have the capacity to co-ordinate everyone.”

    Islamic Relief and ICNA, along with a handful of international aid agencies including the International Red Cross and Red Crescent, Save the Children and Oxfam, are waiting for the Bangladeshi government to decide where the Rohingya refugees will be staying, and to issue the paperwork that will allow these agencies to start work.

    For now, the Rohingya “have no life in Bangladesh,” Hussain said. “It’s just like they’re living in Burma. They do not have the fear of death, but they have fears of social and medical problems.”

    Al-Rawni has a list of 30 people — and growing — who are waiting for the green light to go to Cox’s Bazaar in southeastern Bangladesh near the border with Burma. Among them are mental-health counsellors, engineers and general do-gooders.

    Hussain said aid agencies need to focus on education and development to help the Rohingya survive into the next generation. He wants industrialists to look into the area to create jobs and donations to create schools.

    He is also worried for those still stuck in Burma, where aid agencies are still not permitted to enter.

    “We do not know yet what their condition is,” Hussain said. “In my last visit, in 2015, they were alive. They were living in bad conditions, but they were alive. Now we just don’t know.”

    Al-Rawni and Hussain said there is no official support from the Bangladeshi government at the moment. At present, local communities and private individuals from within the country have banded together to offer as much as they can.

    “Obviously, its one of the poorest countries and they don’t have the means to look after that many people for that long,” Al-Rawni said, “but they are doing a phenomenal job right now of being good neighbours.”

    Canadian aid workers describe chaos at Rohingya border campCanadian aid workers describe chaos at Rohingya border campCanadian aid workers describe chaos at Rohingya border campCanadian aid workers describe chaos at Rohingya border campCanadian aid workers describe chaos at Rohingya border campCanadian aid workers describe chaos at Rohingya border camp

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